Levels of Priority in software testing - Explanation with a simple example

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Priority as the name suggests is about prioritizing a bug according to its severity. Priority signifies the importance or urgency of fixing a defect. It is associated with scheduling, to resolve a bug. The priority status of a defect is initially set by a tester to a developer to indicate the importance of fixing that defect. If the priority status is high then that bug will be fixed first followed by lower prior ones.

I have written down an example to make it clear: Consider that your Drupal website functionality is to upload films after payment and publish it for sale. Users who visit the site have the facility to view the trailer and if interested can buy it. During the testing phase, I came across the following issues

Issue 1: website failed to accept credit cards.
Issue 2: Order confirmation emails were not getting delivered to the consumer.
Issue 3: Submit button was observed as misaligned in one of the browsers.

Levels of Priority in Software Testing

Check the following classifications to know which priority was assigned to each issue and why.
Different statuses that can be given priority are High, Medium, and Low.



1. High Priority

High Priority defects are business-critical and have to be fixed with immediate effect. Here, Issue 1 "website fails to accept credit cards" is a defect that has a high impact on the revenue of the organization and so should be fixed immediately. So Issue 1 can be set as a High priority one.

2. Medium Priority

Medium-priority defects are those which have a moderate level of impact on business and have to be fixed in the current release itself. With respect to the above eg: Issue 2 "Order confirmation emails are not getting delivered to the consumer" should be reported as a Medium priority issue.

3. Low Priority

Low-priority defects are those which do not have any impact on the business and those which are cosmetic in nature. This can be pushed to the next release also. So, Issue 3 "Misalignment of submit button in a particular version of browser" should be reported as a Low priority one.

Hope the above description about the priority of bugs was helpful. Happy testing!

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