Drupal 8 is the latest version of Drupal. There are significant differences between Drupal 8 and Drupal 7. Firstly, Drupal 8 requires the latest version of php5 to run. Drupal 8 uses a PHP framework called Symphony, which relies heavily on OOP. Another major change in Drupal 8 is the folder structure. In Drupal 8, all core modules are placed within core/ and all other modules are placed in root modules folder. Moreover, there are changes in the way modules are created. Read on to know how to create a custom module in Drupal 8.
A Drupal8 custom module consists of three basic files:
- module_name.info.yml holds the module info
- module_name.routing.yml file for holding ‘routing’ info or hook_menu
- module_name_Controller.php for controller classes and its callbacks.
In Drupal 8, the info file (module name.info.yml) would be the same as Drupal7 :
name: Sample description: 'An example module' core: 8.x version: 8.x.1.0 type: module package: Custom
Now, we require another yml file called (module name.routing.yml). This is for the hook_menu, and this should be in yml syntax with file name (module name.routing.yml) file in the root of the module folder :
sample.main: path: '/sample' defaults: _content: '\Drupal\sample\Controller\SampleController::samplePage' _title: 'Sample' requirements: _permission: 'access administration pages'
Our next step is to create the Controller class and method that defines our callback. Create a new file called 'Controller.php' in module (src/Controller/Controller.php)
'Hello World!', ); return $output; } } ?>
In this file, our new controller extends the ControllerBase class. ControllerBase was created to hide a lot of boilerplate code that applies to most page-based controllers.
The samplePage() function returns a render array that contains our 'Hello World!' text.
At this point, enabling the module and visiting the /sample should now show a page titled 'Sample' with the contents of 'Hello World'.
If you need any functionality in this hello page or module, you should create a hello.module function and write functions & hooks inside the file.